Ministry of Environmenthas the honor to inform the public, national and international press that the Ministry will organize a consultation meeting on Cambodia’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (Cambodia’s INDC) to be held on 16 September 2015 at Himawari Hotel, 8:00am and presided over by H.E. Say Samal, the Minister of Environment.
The meeting aimsto collect all inputs and recommendations from line ministries, agencies and stakeholders for the Cambodia’s INDC to be submitted to the Secretariat of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in prior to its 21st Conference of the Parties (CoP21) taking place in coming December 2015 at Paris, France. The Cambodia’s INDC is one of the main documents presenting Cambodia’s contribution to the globe’s Call for Climate Action.
1) What is United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Chang (UNFCCC)?
The Convention was adopted on 9 May 1992 in New York and signed at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil by more than 150 countries and the European Community. Its ultimate objective is the “stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system”. It contains commitments for all Parties. The Convention entered in force in March 1994. In 1997, the UNFCCC adopted the Kyoto Protocol. Cambodia signed the UNFCCC on 13 December 1995, just two years after the establishment of the Ministry of Environment
2) What isCambodia’s Intended Nationally Determine Contribution (Cambodia’s INDC)?
Under the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), all countries across the globe made a commitment to develop a new international climate agreement by the conclusion of the Paris Climate Summit in December 2015. During previous climate negotiations, countries agreed to outline their commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions under a global agreement, with the so-called Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs). These global contributions bring together bottom-up approaches, where countries put forward their positions based on national circumstances, with a top-down system aimed at reducing the average global temperature to 2oC.
Cambodia recognises the need for all countries to limit their greenhouse gas emissions, in order to achieve the UNFCCC’s objective. To successfully contribute to this global goal, we are extremely pleased to present our Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), ahead of COP 21 in Paris.
As a low emitter and highly vulnerable country to the negative effects of climate change, our contribution is necessarily aligned with our development priorities. The INDC therefore includes both adaptation and mitigation components based on our national circumstances, and in line with UNFCCC decisions 1/CP.19 and 1/CP.20.