Increasing Resilience to Climate Change for Farmers in Rural Cambodia through Climate-Smart Agriculture Practices (IR-CSA)

PicWindow1 MAFF


At present, there is already emerging evidence that agriculture-based livelihoods and overall food security in Cambodia are being affected by increased frequency and severity of floods, dry spells and drought events. Although Cambodia has limited exposure to climate hazards, it is considered to be extremely vulnerable due to its low adaptive capacity.

The majority of Cambodians live in rural areas and their livelihoods depend on climate patterns. It is therefore projected that the poor will suffer the most from the impacts of climate change. Reduced agricultural production could lead to hunger and malnutrition, and impact negatively on the country’s overall economic performance. Given the current context of Cambodia and potential future threats posed by climate change to the country, there is urgent need to respond to the threats of climate change in agriculture and water resources management. Both government agencies and community organizations have limited capacity to internalize and develop appropriate longer-term resilience mechanisms to respond to climate change threats.


The resilience of vulnerable smallholder farmers is increasedby mainstreaming the planning and implementation of climate resilience-building practicesin Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries (MAFF).


  • A scenario-based climate vulnerability assessment methodology is developed and tested, and proposed adaptation and mitigation interventions are piloted with 750 farmers;
  • The staff of MAFF at national and provincial-level improved their capacity to assess the key vulnerabilities along with vulnerable communities and identify a set of cost-effective actions to build resilience to climate change;
  • A climate change screening tool is introduced and tested so that the national MAFF programming is contributing toward increasing the resilience of the vulnerable smallholder farmers to climate change;
  • The knowledge products including lessons learned are disseminated to MAFF and development practitioner.


  • Kandal: Saang district
  • Kampong Cham: Steung Trang district
  • Kampong Chhnang: Rolea B'ier district


  • 100 staff from MAFF at national, sub-national agricultural officials and undergraduate students from Royal University of Agriculture (RUA) will benefit from knowledge and skills in undertaking participatory climate vulnerability assessment
  • 750 vulnerable farmers will be involved in the diagnosis
  • 300 stakeholders and RUA students will also directly benefit of the lessons learned of the project through dissemination workshops and field visit


This project intervention will support MAFF towards efficient mainstreaming of innovative climate vulnerability participatory modelling approach to simulate the impact of Climate-Smart Agriculture (CSA) strategies in order to increase the resilience of the agricultural systems in Cambodia. After piloting the identified key CSA practices in 7 demonstration sites, an impact evaluation will provide key lessons on cost-effective interventions to increase the resilience of the agricultural systems in Cambodia. These findings will feed the development of a screening tool which will help MAFF to review current and future programs against climate change scenarios in order to identify their potential to tackle the key vulnerabilities and improve the integration of CSA principles. For the demonstration sites, the selected farmers will be smallholder farmers with suitable land for crops, rice cultivation, aquaculture, and livestock production, who have participated to the vulnerability diagnosis and where cost-effective CSA intervention to reduce the vulnerabilities has been identified.

The project will also provide technical support to 100 staff from MAFF and 21 RUA students on participatory climate vulnerabilities modelling and simulation together CSA strategies design training. 750 farmers will increase their resilience to a changing climate and to climate shocks and stresses. Finally, the project will share the lessons learned to development practitioners through the dissemination of the participatory climate vulnerabilities modelling and simulation toolbox and best practices sourcebook to development practitioners and students of RUA.

  • Project Partners

    Group for the Environment, Renewable Energy and Solidarity (GERES)

    Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)/Environmental Changes Institute ( ECI) of the University of OXFORD

    Level of Intervention
    National,Sub-national, Community
    Budget and Duration

    Total Budget: US$ 579,700

    GSSD/CCCA Contribution: US$ 450,000

    Co-Financing: US$ 129,700

    Duration: 36 months

    (1st Dec. 2015 – 30th Nov. 2018)

    Project Contact

    Mr. Prak Thaveak Amida

    #200, Preah Norodom Blvd., Tonle Bassac, Chamcar Morn, Phnom Penh, Cambodia

    E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.



Climate Change NewsLinks

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  • Act Together to Protect Cambodia From Climate Change +

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  • Ratanakkiri Running Out of Water Amid Worst Drought in Years +

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